Gene Özgül Gerçek Zamanlı Polimeraz Zincir Reaksiyonu ile Tanımlanması
The Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-Acinetobacter baumannii (Acb) complex consists of phenotypically very similar nosocomial species; A.baumannii, Acinetobacter nosocomialis, Acinetobacter pittii, Acinetobacter seifertii and Acinetobacter djikshoorniae and one environmental species A.calcoaceticus. The rapid and accurate identification of the members of Acb complex is critical as these nosocomial pathogens can show differences in antimicrobial susceptibility and clinical outcomes. The conventional phenotypic methods are slow, unreliable and less efficient for the differentiation of Acb complex species, including the A.baumannii species within the Acb complex. Although various molecular methods are available, such as amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis (ARDRA) and blaOXA-51-like gene specific PCR, they are usually inconvenient for the routine diagnostic laboratories. Recently, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) offers an opportunity for rapid, cost-effective and convenient bacterial identification in routine diagnostic procedures conducted in clinical laboratory. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the diagnosis performance of MALDI-TOF MS system to identify blood isolates of A.baumannii. A total of 180 nonduplicate carbapenem resistant Acb complex (strain numbers; TR1-TR60) and A.baumannii (TR61-TR180) blood isolates were collected from the intensive care units of the three university hospitals in Turkey from January 2016 to December 2016. All isolates were evaluated by using blaOXA-51-like gene specific real time (Rt-PCR) analysis, ARDRA (restriction enzymes-AluI, CfoI, MboI, MspI, RsaI) method and MALDI-TOF MS (VITEK® MS, bioMérieux, France) system. All the strains except TR10, TR31, TR35 and TR52 were identified as A.baumannii by ARDRA method. Out of 177 of all the isolates, presence of blaOXA-51-like gene was found except for TR10, TR31 and TR52 isolates. However, TR31 without the presence of blaOXA-51-like gene was identified as A.pittii using the ARDRA. Totally 176 isolates which were identified as A.baumannii by both of the methods, ARDRA and Rt-PCR- blaOXA-51-like, were accepted as a reference for the evaluation of the diagnosis performance capacity of the MALDI-TOF MS. Overall, for all 176 isolates tested, the sensitivity obtained with the MALDI-TOF MS were 99.4% with 75% specificity. The accuracy value of the method was determined as 98.9% for the identification of A.baumannii to the species level. MALDI-TOF MS is increasingly used in diagnostic microbiology for the routine identification of bacteria to the genus, species or subspecies level with high rates of sensitivity and specificity. In future, by expanding the database, MALDI-TOF MS system would possibly become the ideal method for routine diagnostic laboratories that could potentially identify more species and even determine some characteristics of antimicrobial resistance and virulence determinants.